Ancient Indian History Romila Thapar Pdf Free _VERIFIED_
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In the mid-nineteenth century, European philology became interested in Vedic Sanskrit and its links with Indo-European languages. Many philologists and Sanskritists, such as Friedrich Max Müller and others, projected the idea that the Vedic corpus, authored by the Aryans, was the foundation of Indian civilization. The history of the origin of the Aryans and their innate superiority became an important aspect of colonial scholarship and of nationalist historians. It was popularized, initially by the theosophist Colonel Olcott. He maintained that not only were the Aryans indigenous to India, but that they also migrated westwards and eventually civilized the West. This was useful in projecting the idea that India has always had a singular history, of which the most important has been that of the ancient Hindus.
Was romila thapar denying enslavment of hindus by muslim inavders and rulers in india when they imposed jizya tax (imposed on non believers) and temples were destoyed at will like kashi vishwanath was destroyed by aurangzeb.
This is a silly point that Ms. Thapar makes. Hindus were enslaved by the Muslims about this there is absolutely no doubt. Hindus had no citizenship rights. They had to pay taxes for being Hindus. They did not have the freedom to practise their religion in public. It was Tilak maharaj who urged Hindus to come out of their shell and practise religion in public in the 1890s. The fear that Hindus had is responsible for us not seeing a single Hindu haveli, bungalow, house of a grand scale from Mughal or Sultanate times. All such grand houses are of Muslims. Or in the Rajputana where Hindus ruled. Even though Hindus were the richer community in India. Muslims discriminated against Hindus in the same manner as the Europeans discriminated against Jews. Hindu places of worship were routinely destroyed by Muslims. Enslavement of the Hindus is this that Hindu women had to take on the purdah once Muslims began to rule north India. These are simple unvarnished facts of history which Ms. Thapar has been trying to hide for the past six decades. Fortunately for us today we can read about all this through primary documents which are available on archive.org and the National Digital Library of India. Ever since these resources became available we do not need Romila Thapar to tell us about our history. Lal Salaam to the internet.
Ms. Thapar has posited her writing on the past history , going back to ages , which are far and before most of the current tninking.. For the basic question, did we exist as India as we know today, is a very tough one to answer.I think it is generally agreed that it is the british who did the honours.We can debate as to who the real indian is . but there will be as many naswers as the people debating it. It is here that the philosophical and politico social leanings come into play. If you were to hear the islamists, they would claim the whole of indian sub continent as islamic and if we were to hear the hindu/RSS side, they have their own definition of Bharat varsh. The idea of a nationalist narrative therefore flows from the idea of nationhood.Once this is accepted interpretations of past history automatically flows. be it rama raja, or an islamic ,shariat based rule of law.again the same past deeds and misdeeds , when looked through the prism of exploited and exploiters, we get a marxist narrative and a british narrative.Partition of india based on religious basis, if we in the residual part accepted it or not is immaterial. has drawn the lines very sharpelySo a religious bent to the past narrative is inescapable. here we are not helped by available histry of the past. each is a narrative of either the conquerers or, rulers . The cheek by jowl existence of the mosque in Mathura, kashi and the babri issue only reinforced the narrative from the hindu point of view..The universalisation of political islam has also not helped.At the end of the day each narrative is only a push in the political arena for space.here institutions like JNU have not helped. they hve championed only an acceptable narrative suiting the left and islam.The debate is a work in process and will evolve.
Her research and teaching interests are varied, and multifold. She researches and publishes on subjects of ancient history and religions as well as current history of India. Her books include Modern Hinduism in Text and Context; Krishna in History, Thought, and Culture: Encyclopedia of the Hindu Lord of Many Names; Hindu and Jain Mythology of Balarama. She is the Editor-in-Chief of American Journal of Indic Studies; Managing Editor of International Journal of Indic Studies and Editorial and Review Board Member of Air Force Journal of Indo-Pacific Affairs as well as Canadian Journal of History. She is current Vice-President and President-Elect of Ohio Academy of History (2018-2020).
Unsurprisingly, thousands of books, academic and otherwise, are written on the history of India. As a result, finding books on this ancient civilization and its history can prove to be a difficult task.
The emphasis was very much on a readiness to discuss. This was so not only in the lecture room but also outside. Inevitably from history it extended to topics of contemporary interest when faculty and other speakers were invited to speak elsewhere on campus and strong opinions were expressed and debated. As everybody agrees, the university is a place that must allow freedom of speech and the freedom to debate any issue thought to be relevant. We wanted this to be effectively so in JNU and indeed it was so, until the last couple of years.
The remaining nine courses focused on a broad period of Indian history. We debated in great detail whether we should follow the conventional periodization of ancient, medieval and modern. Historically it was defective since the breaks did not mark any major historical change, only a change in the religion of some dynasties in the twelfth century ad, and again with the arrival of British rule from the eighteenth. We were also well aware of the overlaps between one and the other. What stopped us from changing the periodization in the syllabus was the fact that most advertisements for teaching jobs in history specify one of these three periods, therefore if we had discontinued them our students would have had problems finding jobs. So we continued with the three but underlined continuities, overlaps and disjunctures, where needed, within and between each.
The first volume looks into the historical geography of the ancient region and its inhabitants; it also pays meticulous attention to the pre-literate phase in the early history of Bengal. One of the salient features of this volume is the attention paid to field archaeological materials which offer the most reliable window to grasp the transition from the pre-literate to the early historic times (up to c. 300 CE). Elaborate discussions on political history have been also accommodated as new epigraphic and rewriting of the political history of the regions and sub-regions (especially of the Pala period and southeastern Bangladesh). The understanding of the polity and nature of the state forms another important aspect of discussion in the first volume.The two volumes are expected to fill a long-felt gap in the historiography of early Bengal and will possible serve as a standard reference work for both the specialist scholars and the general readers. 2b1af7f3a8